In 1582, in the courtyard of the private ownership of the Jewish community leader Isaac ben Nachman was laid synagogue “Touray Zaga.” Initially, it was a family prayer house, built by the Italian architect Paolo Dominitz. But why the synagogue called “Golden Rose”, and not the official name “Touray Zaga”? Urban legends associated with this beautiful story.
At the end of the XVI century the Jesuits wanted to build a monastery on the site of the synagogue, so there was a property dispute. In this case intervened beautiful woman named Rosa, wife Nachman Nakhmanovich – one of the members of the Jewish community. She was ready to give up all their possessions for the redemption of the temple, but in addition to the bishop designated amount required to stay in his house. According to legend Rose said: “… I lose honor, faith, the people …” and agreed to such a “deal”. The next morning she was found dead. Since then, Rose called a martyr for the faith, and synagogue – “Golden Rose”.
Unfortunately, this unique monument of architecture could not survive the German occupation in August 1941 it was blown up. Until descendants survived only the ruins of which are imprinted on the pictures, photographs and tried to create a three-dimensional image. Synagogue “Golden Rose” declared a UNESCO heritage site and is included in the program of revival of the unique historical and cultural sites.